Transparency and Accountability in State, District & School Governance, Discourse and Decision-making
What You Should Know About Transparency, Answerability & Responsiveness in the US Public School System 
What You should Know About 
ESSA Regulatory Burdens

For more information click here and here.  

The Republicans ignored the voices of 21, 000 citizens
when they used the CRA to overlook "research,  analyses
and public input" on education regulations ---and, in the process, hurt 50.4 million children and 98, 300 schools by failing to consider lessons learned or best practices. Now Trump and DeVos are seeking assistance from the public to estimate the "burden" of unnecessary regulations, in spite of their past inconsistencies in recognizing public input and their interference with a public sanctioned final rule. That is to say "the public" will still need a research based analysis of any regulatory reform efforts --- and will still need to provide their input on any decisions before the fact rather than after. To review previous discussions on how Trump/DeVos, etc.  have already impacted children and schools click here and  here.    Click here to review a 2011 hearing  to learn how both conservatives and progressives tend to view regulatory burdens tied to ESEA . 


Explore, Discover, Learn, Discuss


'Red States' Rank Low
On The HDI.

This Index reflects the
policy choices of politicians. 

Note: The Human Development Index (HDI) is a
summary measure of average achievement
in key dimensions of  human development:
a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable
and having  a decent standard of living.  

Click here  and here to learn more.

Note: Children need parents and
community stakeholders (or the public)
to join the discussions focusing on
educational concerns and issues 
before any   policy decisions take place. 



To Learn more about:
Pathways to Accountability, click here.  

Voice, Empowerment & Accountability
Click here to read this guide

To read this article, click here:  ​ 
Dismantling Public Accountability &
Transparency  in the Name of Accountability & Transparency?


Finding the Spaces for Change:
A Power Analysis
Click here to learn more. 
                                                               Related Materials
To build your knowledge base,
please refer to the following articles, based on the public views

of a wide range of experts, to better understand the importance of
transparency and accountability in school governance:

Books  and Sudies of Interest 
Power and Powerlessness by John Gaventa (Review)
 Please note: The link refers to  an excerpt or chapter one of
Gaventa's book: Power & Powerlessness.  Since parents are often accused of
not wanting to participate in schools he offers a different view of  quiescence,
which I have cross-referenced for public school parents and community stakeholders.
Parents and Schools, the 150-year Struggle for Control in American Education" By William W. Cutler, III
This is also an excerpt and should be discussed to better understand the history of parents and schools.
A New Weave of Power, People & Politics:
The Action Guide for Advocacy and Citizen Participation

Who Is Empowered by the Regulatory Process?
(This book: The Politics of Regulatory Reform addresses this question.)

"The CRA was not a good idea to begin with,
and the public is paying a steep price for its use."

(. . . "a blunderbuss that shoots down the entire regulatory system—
a system that has long and effectively protected Americans.")